When Design Never Ends - A Future Scenario For Product Developement
Editor: Wartzack, Sandro; Schleich, Benjamin; Gon
Author: Pradel, Patrick; Campbell, Robert Ian; Bibb, Richard
Institution: Loughborough University
Section: Design for additive manufacturing
DOI number: https://doi.org/10.1017/dsi.2019.87
One of the foundations of product design is the division between production and design. This division manifests as designers aspiring to create fixed iconic archetypes and production replicates endlessly in thousands or millions. Today innovation and technological change are challenging this idea of product design and manufacturing. The evolution of Rapid Prototyping into Additive Manufacturing (AM), is challenging the notion of mass manufacture and consumer value. As AM advances in capability and capacity, the ability to economically manufacture products in low numbers with high degrees of personalisation poses questions of the accepted product development process. Removing the need for dedicated expensive tooling also eliminates the cyclical timescales and commitment to fixed designs that investment in tooling demands. The ability to alter designs arbitrarily, frequently and responsively means that the traditional design process need not be applied and because of this, design processes and practice might be radically different in the future. In this paper, we explore this possible evolution by drawing parallels with principles and development models found in software development.