DESIGN AND FRUGAL INNOVATIONS: THREE ROLES OF RESOURCE-POOR PEOPLE
DS 92: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2018 15th International Design Conference
Editor: Marjanović D., Štorga M., Škec S., Bojčetić N., Pavković N.
Author: Jagtap, Santosh; Larsson, Tobias
Section: SOCIOTECHNICAL ISSUES IN DESIGN
DOI number: https://doi.org/10.21278/idc.2018.0152
Design is imperative to satisfy needs of people in resource-limited societies. Many design studies have been carried out in the context of such societies in developing countries, and are discussed under names such as humanitarian engineering, frugal innovations, appropriate technology, design at the Base of the Pyramid, design for development, etc. In this paper, we review a wide range of literature, with close analysis of 30 design studies in this field to understand how marginalised people were engaged and positioned in those studies and to plan for future research in this field.
Keywords: social innovation, design research, co-design, frugal innovation, poverty