IPD questions of theory and practice in hungary
Technology, more precisely the technology space involving machine design is, on one side, part of the human culture, on the other side, culture shaping potential. It is a characteristic of creative spaces that components of socio-cultural system can be found at the same time and are influencing the other’s probability of genesis existence. Therefore, technology always has social, political, economical, and ecological interrelations, which are needed to be considered through the creation and application of technical works with all the influences; that needs a comprehensive knowledge in itself. Contemporaneously the paced-up development of technology, technological systems emergent from the separation of technology and its cultural evolution show an increasing complexity, which become perplexing not only for the spectators, the users, but for the creators, engineers of a specific field. Because of the partly new requirements demanded by the above mentioned and the products of the future, e.g. new technical function, saving consumption of material and energy, high specific performance, automatization, environment-friendliness, etc., and the changing of the resources of the design and the emerging of new product-production philosophies, the concept of the product and machine design has widened, its structure, approach, methodology, and necessarily its education has changed. The paradigm of differentiation and specialization, which was dominating until the middle of the 20th century in the engineering work was switched over to the paradigm of integration from the eighties.